Science

Norwegian heroes
   
     
Niels Henrik Abel (1802-1829) was a Norwegian mathematician who proved the impossibility of solving the quintic equation by radicals. Abel died at the early age of 26, but managed to become one of history's leading mathematicians and still has a big name internationally. In 1823, Abel moved to Copenhagen and began studying elliptic functions. In 1825, he travelled to Berlin for a few months and then on to Paris. Here, he began working on the so-called "Paris thesis". While Abel was in Paris, he contracted tuberculosis. His health was badly affected by the disease when he returned home in May 1827. Just two years later, he died as a result of the disease.   Niels Henrik Abel
   Aircraft: LN-DYS
     

Jens Glad Balchen (1926-2009) was a Norwegian engineer. He was born in Kristiansand and graduated from the Norwegian Institute of Technology (NTH) and Yale University. He was appointed professor of cybernetics at NTH from 1962. His research included projects in medicine, on aquaculture and on dynamic positioning of ships and platforms. Many outstanding professionals and leading IT companies have their origin from his environment at NTH, and he even stood behind the creation of several companies. Balchen represented his profession in a variety of forums nationally and internationally and received several prominent national and international awards.

 

Niels Henrik Abel
   Aircraft: LN-DYZ

     
Kristian Birkeland (1867-1917) was a professor of physics and an active and talented scientist with around 70 scientific papers, three monographs and 59 patents. Birkeland studied electricity and magnetism and is best remembered as the first person to elucidate the nature of the Aurora borealis (northern lights). In order to fund his research, he invented the electromagnetic cannon and the Birkeland-Eyde process of fixing nitrogen from the air. This created the basis for the Norwegian nitrogen industry and Norwegian company Hydro. Birkeland was nominated for the Nobel Prize seven times, but never got it.   Kristian Birkeland
   Aircraft: LN-NOQ
     
Vilhelm Friman Koren Bjerknes (1862-1951) was a Norwegian physicist and meteorologist. He founded the Bergen School in meteorology and was the originator of modern weather forecasting. Bjerknes had an early interest in fluid dynamics and assisted his father, Carl Anton Bjerknes, in his mathematical research. Bjerknes led the Geophysical Institute at Bergen Museum, and established a network of weather observation stations. In 1921, Bjerknes published his book On the Dynamics of the Circular Vortex with Applications to the Atmosphere and to Atmospheric Vortex and Wave Motion, where most of his major findings are featured.   Vilhelm Friman Koren Bjerknes
   Aircraft: LN-DYY
     
Sam Eyde (1866-1940) was a Norwegian engineer and industrialist. He was a visionary in terms of hydropower in Norway and already in the late 1890s he secured the rights to develop hydropower in Telemark in south eastern Norway. Together with Professor Kristian Birkeland, he found a way to use nitrogen to produce mineral fertilisers. This created the basis for the Norwegian nitrogen industry and Norwegian company Hydro. Besides his position in Hydro, Eyde was CEO for Elektrokemisk (Elkem), a company that was created in 1904 along with brothers Knut Wallenberg and Marcus Wallenberg.   Sam Eyde
   Aircraft: LN-NOI
     
Helge Ingstad (1899-2001) was a Norwegian lawyer, writer and scientist. After mapping some Norse settlements, Ingstad and his wife, Anne Stine, an archeologist, found remnants of a Viking settlement in a province of Newfoundland in Canada. With these finds, they were the first to prove conclusively that the Greenlandic Norsemen had found a way across the Atlantic Ocean to North America, roughly 500 years before Christopher Columbus and John Cabot. In 1991, Ingstad and his wife received Royal Geographical Society's Gold Medal for their research. Ingstad was also a popular author, whose books on his visits to remote parts of the world also gained him fame in Norway.   Helge Ingstad
   Aircraft: LN-DYQ
     
Swedish heroes
   
     
Anders Celsius (1701-1744) was a Swedish astronomer, physicist and mathematician. He was professor of astronomy and founded Uppsala's astronomical observatory. He is primarily known as a physicist, because he invented the temperature scale that today bears his name (° C). Many believed, including Celsius, that the Fahrenheit scale was illogical. Celsius chose to fix the zero point to the boiling point of water under normal pressure at sea level. He defined the melting point of water as 100 °C. He divided the interval between these temperatures into 100 equal steps, or degrees Celsius. In 1747, Carl von Linné suggested reversing the scale so that the melting point was 0 °C and boiling point 100 °C.   Anders Celsius
   Aircraft: LN-NON
     
Carl von Linné (1707-1778) was an eminent Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist. Linné laid the foundations for the modern scheme of binomial nomenclature. He is known as the father of modern taxonomy and is also considered one of the fathers of modern ecology. He became professor of botany at Uppsala and in the 1740s, he was sent on several journeys through Sweden to find and classify animals and plants. He continued in the 1750s and 60s and published several volumes. At the time of his death, he was one of the most acclaimed scientists in Europe.   Carl von Linné
   Aircraft: LN-NOU
     
Danish heroes
   
     
Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) was a Danish nobleman known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations. He was also well known in his lifetime as an astronomer and alchemist and his work as an astronomer was remarkably accurate for his time. On the Danish island of Ven, Brahe built one of Europe's first and finest research institutions to the use of empirical research. The institution included among other things, the spectacular castle Uraniborg, the underground observatory Stjerneborg and a fantastic renaissance garden. Together with a great number of assistants, he carried out a carefully thought out plan that used empirical methods to gain new knowledge about the way in which the world had come about.   Tycho Brahe
   Aircraft: LN-NOJ
     
Piet Hein (1905-1996) was a Danish poet, writer, inventor and mathematician particularly known for his geometric shapes. After World War II, Scandinavian architects, who were tired of square buildings but aware that circular buildings were impractical, asked Piet Hein for a solution. Applying his mathematical prowess to the problem, Piet Hein proposed to use the geometric figure superellipse, which became the hallmark of modern Scandinavian architecture. He also invented several games like Hex, Qrazy Qube and Pyramystery. He advocated the use of the superellipse curve in city planning, furniture making and other areas.   Piet Hein
   Aircraft: LN-NOT
     

Hans Christian Ørsted (1777-1851) was a Danish physicist and chemist who contributed to the general discovery of electromagnetism. Ørsted was born in Rudkøbing in 1777, but moved with his brother to Copenhagen in 1793. Already as a child he was very interested in chemistry. Therefore, he studied pharmacology, which he completed in 1797. Ørsted founded a society to disseminate knowledge of the natural sciences and was also the founder of predecessor organisations which eventually became the Danish Meteorological Institute and the Danish Patent and Trademark Office. Ørsted was good friends with the author and poet Hans Christian Andersen and the brother of politician Anders Sandøe Ørsted, who eventually served as Danish prime minister.

 

 

 

 


    Aircraft: LN-NGF

 

 

 

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