Pioneer

Norwegian heroes
   
     
Roald Amundsen (1872-1928) is one of the greatest polar explorers of all time. He led the Antarctic expedition (1919-12) to discover the South Pole in 1911 and he was the first expedition leader to reach the North Pole in 1926. He is also known as the first to traverse the Northwest Passage (1903-06). Amundsen took an early interest in aviation and believed it could be used for exploring the unknown areas in the Arctic. In 1914 he was the first Norwegian civilian to get a pilot license. Amundsen disappeared in June 1928 while taking part of a rescue mission.   Roald Amundsen
   Aircraft: LN-KKL
     
Aril Edvardsen (1938-2008) was a Norwegian evangelical preacher and missionary, considered to be one of the most influential Christian figures in Scandinavia. In 1965 he founded "Troens Bevis", an organisation that would grow to support around 1,000 missionaries around the world. Today, the organisation includes a multi-media venture with daily television broadcasting reaching as many as 200 different nations. Edvardsen visited many countries as a mission preacher, especially in Africa and India. Edvardsen did extensive work for peace and reconciliation and established contact with leaders of other religious movements. He has participated in many conferences to bring peace and friendship between both religious and political leaders in areas of conflict.   Aril Edvardsen
   Aircraft: LN-DYZ
     
Helmer Hanssen (1870-1956) was a Norwegian polar explorer. He participated in Roald Amundsen's successful search for the Northwest Passage. In 1910 he also headed south with Amundsen to conquer the South Pole, this time as an expert dog driver. He was also in charge of navigation, carrying the master compass on his sledge. He was one of the first five people to reach the South Pole on 14 December 1911, along with Roald Amundsen, Olav Bjaaland, Oscar Wisting and Sverre Hassel. In 1919 he once again went north – this time as captain on Maud in Roald Amundsen's Northeast Passage expedition.   Helmer Hanssen
   Aircraft: LN-NIB
     
Thor Heyerdahl (1914-2002) did not see oceans as barriers, but as opportunities for communication. Heyerdahl was an experimental archaeologist, author and adventurer who with his Kon-Tiki-expedition sailed 8,000 km across the Pacific Ocean in a self-built raft from South America to the Tuamotu Islands in 1947. The expedition was designed to demonstrate that ancient people could have made long sea voyages, creating contacts between apparently separate cultures. With Ra and Ra II, he tried to relate the South American Indians with the ancient civilizations in Africa and the Middle East. In 2011, the Thor Heyerdahl Archives were added to UNESCO's "Memory of the World" Register.   Thor Heyerdahl
   Aircraft: LN-KKM
     
Gidsken Jakobsen (1908-1990) is one of Norway's biggest aviation pioneers. Jacobsen was one of the first Norwegians who tried to make aviation commercial, and in 1932 she established her own airline. Jakobsen was the first female head of a Scandinavian airline. Her company offered flights between northern Norway and western Norway. When she registered her first plane in Oslo in 1929, she became the first person to fly from northern Norway to Oslo during the winter. Jakobsen was also the initiator behind air cargo of fish from northern Norway. Jacobsen defied both gender roles and geographic barriers and was the second Norwegian woman to take a pilot license. When she was 20 years old, she was ranked number one of the ten who had completed their education.   Gidsken Jakobsen
   Aircraft: LN-NOZ
     
Ludvig Walentin Karlsen (1935-2004) was a Pentecostal preacher who, together with his wife, Lise Karlsen, established the foundation Pinsevennenes Evangeliesenter. The foundation is the largest private initiative in Norway that helps drug addicts overcome their addictions. Today, the foundation has a capacity of 300 people at seven different treatment centres in Norway. Thousands of people have had their lives improved thanks to the foundation and many families have been reunited. Karlsen was of Romani descent and was keen to preserve the Romani culture and language. Following his death, Karlsen's widow Lise took over his work.   Ludvig Walentin Karlsen
   Aircraft: LN-NGA
     
Fridtjof Nansen (1861-1930) put Norway on the map internationally. He crossed Greenland and made the most important and daring polar journey to that point, with Fram over the Arctic Ocean. During the Fram expedition (1893-1896) he also tried to reach the North Pole. As the nation's most prominent personality, he was directly involved in ending Norway's union with Sweden in 1905. He exploited his international fame by spreading Norway's view on the union. He was a great scientist and diplomat, and attended a number of major international aid projects. Nansen received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1922 for his major international efforts for the refugees after the First World War.  

Fridtjof Nansen
   Aircraft: LN-DYF

     
Otto Sverdrup (1854-1930) was one of Norway's leading polar explorers, in line with Nansen and Amundsen. He led the building work of the ship Fram and ensured that it was restored and preserved following its expeditions. Sverdrup took part in Nansen's expedition to Greenland. He was captain of the expedition across the Arctic Ocean with Fram and he was responsible for his own expedition with Fram in 1898-1902 in the Canadian Arctic, which culminated in the discovery of the islands to the west of Ellesmere Island; the Sverdrup Islands. One of Sverdrup's lesser known exploits was a search-and-rescue expedition aboard ship Eklips in the Kara Sea in 1914-1915.   Otto Sverdrup
   Aircraft: LN-DYF
     
Danish heroes
   
     
Knud Rasmussen (1879-1933) was a Danish-Greenlandic polar explorer, national hero and author. He was born in Ilulissat in Greenland and grew up with strong Inuit influence. From 1902-1904 he lived with the polar Eskimos in north-western Greenland. Rasmussen's greatest achievement was the massive Fifth Thule Expedition (1921–1924) which was designed to "attack the great primary problem of the origin of the Eskimo race". A ten-volume account of ethnographic, archaeological and biological data was collected, and many artefacts are still on display in museums in Denmark. He has been called the "Father of Eskimology" and was the first European to cross the Northwest Passage on dog sled.   Ludvig Walentin Karlsen
   Aircraft: LN-NOY
     
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