Freedom Fight

Norwegian heroes
Max Manus (1914-1996) was an important member of the Norwegian resistance movement during World War II. He took part in several war-related acts on Norwegian soil and published illegal newspapers. In 1941 six officers from the State Police surprised Manus at his apartment and he escaped by throwing himself out of a window. With a broken back, he was sent to hospital where he managed to escape after a month. After a seven month long escape via Sweden and half the world, Manus ended up in England, where he was enrolled in the Linge Company. In 1943 he returned to Norway to conduct ship sabotage; by using mines, he sank ships that were important to the German marine, including the SS Donau. Following the war, Manus wrote several books about his role in the resistance movement.   Max Manus
   Aircraft: LN-DYC
Fredrikke Qvam Marie (1843-1938) was a Norwegian feminist activist from Steinkjer. Qvam lost several of her children from tuberculosis, which is said to be the start of her involvement in women’s rights. In 1896, she founded the Women’s Association. From 1899 to 1903 she was President of the Norwegian Women's Association and led the Scandinavian Women's Congress in 1902. She fought vigorously for women's right to vote. Quam was central to the process of women's petition that supported the dissolution of the union with Sweden in 1905. The success of gathering female signatures in support of the dissolution of the union earned women respect and was seen by many as a sign that women were politically mature enough to vote. It contributed to a process that led to full voting rights for women in 1913.  


Gunnar Sønsteby (1918-2012) was a Norwegian resistance fighter during World War II. He led the "Oslo Gang" with Max Manus and led some of the most spectacular sabotage missions during the war. Sønsteby became a master of disguise and "Kjakan” and “Agent 24" were some of his aliases. The Germans did not acquire his real name until near the end of the war. Following the war, he studied and worked in the oil business in the US before returning to Norway where he continued a career in private business. Throughout the post-war years and particularly after reaching retirement age, Sønsteby engaged in an extensive information and lecturing activity to pass on the lessons of the Second World War to future generations. Sønsteby is Norway’s highest decorated citizen.  
   Aircraft: LN-NGG